1. Arabic is
written from right to left. One consequences of this system is
that books, newspapers, and magazine open and are read from
right to left, rather than from left to right.
2. Letters are
connected in both print and handwriting, unlike those of Latin
alphabet. The individual letters ( م ع ل م ) do not form a word
even though they are in the correct order. Only when they are
connected they spell the word ( معلم
). However, there are some six letters that are non connective
as they do not connect to the following letters in one word. (أ،
و ، د ، ذ ، ر ، ز)
3. Letters have
slightly different shapes depending on where they occur in a
word. The letters of the alphabet vary when they are written
independently, in initial, medial or final position.
Initial position means not connected to a previous letter
b. Medial position means the letter is connected to a
preceding letter and to a following one.
c. Final position
means the letter is connected to the preceding letter.